During the establishment of the company, Michael G.

Genealogy & History

Harman served as president and William Watts was a clerk for the company. In December , the Virginia Express Company relinquished control of its shipping lines. It was formed from Orange County in , but, because the region was sparsely inhabited, county government was not actually established there until Deposition from a Chancery Suit, William Scott, etc.

Robert Harnsbarger, , The Library of Virginia. John Armstrong, Sr. He had a son, John Armstrong, Jr. He died in From the guide to the John Armstrong, Sr. Ledger, , The Library of Virginia. This lending library operated in Augusta County, Virginia, during the mid-nineteenth century. Using the list of borrowers as evidence, it is probable that the library was some type of subscription library. All listed users of the library were men, and many were considered prominent, influential citizens of Augusta County -- James Crawford, William Donaghe, William T.

Eskridge, Nicholas C. Kinney, Archibald Stuart, and Hugh Sheffey. It was formed from Orange County by a statute of that stipulated that when the population was large enough the new county government would begin to function. The county courthouse is in Staunton, and the county administrative offices are in Verona. Augusta County was the site of a Superior Court of Chancery that held court in Staunton from to In order to expedite the hearing of chancery suits, the High Court of Chancery was abolished and the state was divided into three chancery districts with a Superior Court of Chancery for each district.

For this reason these courts were sometimes called "District Courts of Chancery. A transcript of the suit from the local court was commonly filed with the appeal. Litigants could by-pass the local courts and file their suits in the chancery district court directly.

Genealogy researching in Augusta County Virginia

Breeze Johnson, born in Virginia around , was a lawyer in Staunton, Virginia. A dealer in dry-goods, groceries, and hardware, this general store operated in the Augusta County, Virginia, area during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Timothy M. Patterson operated the general store for the years to ; however, it is uncertain if Patterson controlled the general store for the entirety of its existence.

From the guide to the Timothy M. A dealer in dry-goods, groceries, and hardware, this unidentified general store operated in Staunton, Virginia, during the mid-nineteenth century. Mandelbaum Clothier, located in Staunton, Virginia, specialized in men's clothing.

Fishing Braley Pond in Augusta County VA

The clothier was also a dealer in trunks and valises. Seymore Mandelbaum, an Augusta County resident born in Virginia about , was the owner and operator of the business. Staunton was laid out in at the site of the Augusta County courthouse and was established as a town in It was incorporated as a town in and as a city in In , the Virginia General Assembly replaced the Anglican vestries and churchwardens of the colonial period with elected bodies called Overseers of the Poor.

The overseers provided food, clothing, shelter, and medical treatment for the persons who were too poor to support themselves or too ill to provide for their basic needs. The overseers took over the supervision of the poorhouses and workhouses built by the vestries and built new poorhouses and workhouses where they were needed.

In , the General Assembly enacted laws to create poor farms overseen by boards of directors for the maintenance and education of the poor. The boards bought farms and built buildings, appointed a superintendant for each poor farm, and chose a physician to attend the sick and teachers to educate the children. The adults and older children were required to work if they were able. Court Records, , The Library of Virginia. Henry I. Tapp was a lawyer in Staunton, Virginia, in the early nineteenth century until his death in Tapp was also involved in the building of the Staunton turnpike.

From the guide to the Henry I. The business was located on land that was once part of the nursery owned by the Franklin Davis Company. Joseph F. Tannehill, born in Virginia about , was one of the partners of Tannehill and Wheat. Augusta County was formed from Orange in and its first government established in The Virginia legislature passed an act on 27 February to legalize the marriages of former slaves who had been cohabiting as of that date.

See Virginia Acts of Assembly, , Chapter 18, An act to amend and re-enact the 14th section of chapter of the Code of Virginia for , in regard to registers of marriage; and to legalize the marriages of colored persons now cohabiting as husband and wife. The federal Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands directed the Assistant Superintendents of the states to order the county clerks to make a registry of such cohabiting couples. See Circular No.

Miscellaneous reel , Library of Virginia. National Archives microfilm M reel 41 , Record Group William Weaver , born in Flourtown, Pennsylvania, was a prominent and successful ironmaster in Virginia and one of the largest slaveholders in Rockbridge County. During his career, Weaver was involved in a variety of enterprises including merchandising, milling, marble quarrying, and small-scale textile manufacturing, but in July , Weaver made a chance investment in the Virginia iron industry along with his new partner Thomas Mayburry, a Philadelphia merchant whose father and grandfather had been involved in the iron industry in Pennsylvania.

Weaver and Mayburry purchased, from William Wilson, Union Forge, located in Rockbridge County, and two blast furnaces, Etna and Retreat, in neighboring Botetourt County along with 6, acres of iron ore and woodlands.

Augusta Circuit Court

The Retreat and Etna furnace properties were in decline when Weaver and Mayburry made their purchase - Etna Furnace was in serious disrepair while Retreat Furnace possessed inadequate water power. Weaver attempted to put Retreat into blast in , but due to the lack of water, Weaver realized that the furnace at Etna had to be rebuilt. Weaver succeeded in putting Etna into blast in , thus, insuring that Union Forge would have a steady supply of pig iron.

Buffalo Forge was a large complex that had in addition to the forge two water powered mills; a store to sell tobacco, sugar, cloth, and clothing to workers; a shoe and harness shop; carpenter shop; sawmill; and blacksmith. In addition, fields on the furnace properties were used to grow crops of wheat, corn, oats, rye, hay, and clover. Initially, William Weaver staffed his furnaces with a mixture of white laborers and hired slaves, but in October , Weaver purchased eleven slaves from John Wilson, son of William Wilson from whom he had purchased the furnace properties.

Included among these slaves was a valuable ironworker named Tooler, and it would be this group of slaves that would form the basis of Weaver's large crew of skilled ironworkers. Weaver had the bill of sale for these slaves made out to himself instead of the partnership of Weaver and Mayburry. When the partnership began to dissolve in , Weaver would insist that Mayburry relinquish any claim to the slaves.

Despite the dissolution of the partnership in , Thomas Mayburry would stay on to operate Etna Furnace. The dissolution of the partnership would ultimately lead to a lengthy chancery suit, primarily pertaining to the ownership rights of the "Wilson negroes," that would not be settled until an out-of-court agreement was reached in A preliminary agreement was reached between the former partners in when Mayburry agreed to sell Weaver his half of the Union Forge property.

After this purchase, Weaver would rename the property Buffalo Forge.

USGenweb Archives Project

Weaver would continue to add to his iron holdings in Virginia, when in , Weaver purchased Lydia Furnace in Rockbridge County. Weaver would later rename this property the Bath Iron Works. Weaver would continue to operate his iron interests until his death on 25 March The remainder of his property, including Buffalo Forge and his slaves, went to his niece Emma Brady, Daniel Brady's wife. Today, several buildings still stand at the site of Buffalo Forge, including Weaver's residence, slave quarters, and several support buildings.

The property remains in the hands of the Brady heirs. Some ruins of Etna Furnace exist today on private land, but the remains of Retreat Furnace were destroyed in the s by a treasure hunter searching for the Beale treasure. Promissory Note, , The Library of Virginia. Based out of Hartford, Connecticut, the Aetna Insurance Company sold its first life insurance policy in Bulkeley as its first president. In , the company began offering participating life insurance policies, and at the end of the Civil War, Aetna was one of the nation's biggest life insurance providers.

Today, Aetna is a diversified health care benefits company providing a range of health care insurance products and related services including dental, pharmacy, group life, and disability insurance.

Aetna Insurance Company established an insurance agency in Staunton, Virginia, in the mid-nineteenth century. Alexander F. Kinney served as an agent for the company. Kinney, a Virginia resident born about , was also a bank teller and a circuit court clerk for Augusta County.

The company's principle office was located on property that was once part of the Elizabeth Furnace in Augusta County. Elizabeth Furnace was built in at the entrance to Fort Valley and was originally called Fort Furnace. In , the furnace was leased by Tredegar Iron Works in order to supply pig iron for the Confederate war effort.


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